Dr. Norbert Endres celebrated his eightieth birthday on April 11, 2021. The WSG portrait informs about the long and fruitful path he has taken together with Psychological Morphology. 

Portrait Norber EndresDr. Norbert Endres, former Academic Senior Counselor at the Psychological Institute of the University of Cologne, belongs to the second generation of assistants of Wilhelm Salber. After studying to become a teacher with the First State Examination (1963) in Würzburg and the intermediate diploma in psychology at the university there, he continued his studies in Cologne at the Institute of Psychology (Diploma 1968). With a thesis on "Structural Research in University Didactics" - the empirical reconstruction of a Salber Seminar in the SS 1969 served as a case study - he received his doctorate in 1974. After two years of teaching at the Pädagogische Hochschule Rheinland, he returned to the Psychological Institute for a senior council position and became involved in the diploma course with a broad range of courses for the further development of the morphological viewpoint in psychology.

Dr. Norbert Endres is one of the founding members of GPM and WGI. As a teaching consultant of the WGI he was involved in the implementation of seminars, self-awareness groups and teaching analyses until 2009. From 1980 to 1991 he completed an Analytical Training at the Alfred-Adler-Institute in Düsseldorf and gained experience with short therapies with Ernest Freud within the framework of the "Cologne Experiment" (Salber 1980). Together with D. Blothner, Dr. Norbert Endres published the commemorative publication "entschieden psychologisch" (Bonn 1993) for Wilhelm Salber. Since 2007 he is co-editor of the 'Werkausgabe Morphologische Psychologie'. He retired in 2006. He fulfills his love for choral music as a member of two cantorias. He is involved in the work of the board of directors of a non-profit association in Erftstadt. At the same time he enjoys watching five grandchildren grow up.

Dr Endres, what do you wish for the future of the WSG?
When the Gesellschaft für Psychologische Morphologie (GPM), the forerunner of the WSG, was founded in 1993 after Professor Salber had retired, it was not least of all a matter of creating a place of scientific self-assurance for the meanwhile manifold implementations of morphology by his students. The WSG was to maintain and cultivate this place as a place for lively debate but also for safeguarding the essentials of morphological psychology. The history of comparable societies shows that sibling rivalries cannot be avoided, but this should not really be a problem.

Which area or phenomenon of human life should be morphologically investigated?
In my opinion, morphological studies are less concerned with a specific area than with working on the image of an "Ovidian" transformational reality, which is virulent in all (!) phenomena with its drama. Salber's book "Der Alltag ist nicht grau" (1989) has shown this. Of course, it is important to be captivated by one's own research topics. The 'Metamorphoses of the Religious', for example in climate apocalypticism, would be one such topic for me.

Through which points of contact did you get to know psychological morphology?
In the first lecture I attended in the winter semester of 1960 with Salber on 'General Psychology' in Würzburg, there was much talk of form. In SS 63, the lecture of the same name then only dealt with the psychology of action units and their conditions. When I came to Cologne in 1966, the "Morphology of mental events" was finally available in print. I had the great fortune to experience the further development of psychological morphology at first hand and to be allowed to participate in it - until today, when we can speak of morphology as a school of modern psychology.

Which psychological book do you use from time to time?
In any case it is a book by Wilhelm Salber. In the last years it was probably the "Soul Revolution" (Bonn 1993), which with the abundance of its psychological exaggerations enriches my learned understanding of history while reading it again and again and shows in exchange with fairy tales at all, which reality finally moves our history. Also valuable to me is Salber's examination of Goya's black pictures ("Undinge", Bonn 1994). In four tours it provides a very memorable example of the morphological method and its metapsychological prerequisites. Furthermore, in the manifestations of 'possession' she moves a reality that one will probably never quite be able to cope with.

Which country would you like to visit?
Russia on the trail of F.M. Dostoyevsky. I would be curious to see how much 'Slavic soul' there is still to discover?

Gestalt and transformation is the central primal phenomenon of psychological morphology. Who or what would you like to change into for a day?
I experience a lot of joy when singing, but I also experience the limitations of my voice. Therefore I would like to transform myself into the wonderful tenor of Jonas Kaufmann, for example when he sings "Lohengrin".

Dr. Endres, thank you for the interview.